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Volume 4, Issue 1, June 2020, Page: 25-29
Urinary Tract Infection Among Prison Inmates in Afara Jail Umuahia
Ezeagwula Divine, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Abia State University, Uturu, Nigeria
Nwachukwu Ndubuisi, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Abia State University, Uturu, Nigeria
Nwaugo Victor, Department of Microbiology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Abia State University, Uturu, Nigeria
Ulasi Amara, Department of Animal and Environmental Biology, Faculty of Biological Sciences, Abia State University, Uturu, Nigeria
Received: Feb. 17, 2020;       Accepted: Feb. 25, 2020;       Published: Mar. 8, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijcu.20200401.16      View  91      Downloads  18
Abstract
Urinary tract infections are the most commonly encountered bacterial infections in clinical practice. It is yet to be fully explored in prisons. We determined the prevalence of urinary tract infection among prison inmates at Afara Jail Umuahia, Nigeria. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 218 prison inmates. Freshly-voided mid-stream urine from each inmate was cultured on MacConkey agar and 5% Blood agar and incubated at 37°C for 24h. Isolates were identified by standard microbiological techniques. Antimicrobial susceptibility testing was performed by Kirby-Bauer disc diffusion method. Data were analyzed using SPSS version 17 package and the Chi-square test. The prevalence of urinary tract infection was 22.0%. The commonly isolated bacteria were Escherichia coli (33.3%), Klebsiella pneumoniae (20.8%), and Staphylococcus aureus (18.8%). Exactly 72.9% of isolates were Gram negative bacilli and 27.1% Gram positive cocci (P<0.05). Gram negative isolates were more sensitive to Gentamicin (97.1%) followed by Zithromax (88.6%). Gram positive cocci showed maximum sensitivity to Ciprofloxacin (92.3%) and Gentamicin (92.3%). All Gram positive cocci were resistant to Tetracycline and Ampicillin. Females were more infected (56.6%) than males (17.9%) (P<0.05). The prevalence of urinary tract infection in Afara prison was 22.0%. Escherichia coli was the commonest isolate. Gentamicin and Ciprofloxacin were the most useful antibiotics and could be used as first line drugs for treatment of Urinary tract infection among prison inmates.
Keywords
Urinary Tract Infection, Prison Inmates, Antibiotic Susceptibility Testing, Afara Jail, Nigeria
To cite this article
Ezeagwula Divine, Nwachukwu Ndubuisi, Nwaugo Victor, Ulasi Amara, Urinary Tract Infection Among Prison Inmates in Afara Jail Umuahia, International Journal of Clinical Urology. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2020, pp. 25-29. doi: 10.11648/j.ijcu.20200401.16
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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