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Volume 4, Issue 1, June 2020, Page: 34-38
The Epidemiological, Clinical and Therapeutical Aspects of the Vesico-vaginal Fistula at the National Fistula Treatment Center in N'Djamena
Ache Haroun, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of N'Djamena, N'Djamena, Chad
Mahamat Ali Mahamat, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of N'Djamena, N'Djamena, Chad
Saleh Abdel Salam, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of N'Djamena, N'Djamena, Chad
Haway Cherif, Faculty of Health Sciences, University of N'Djamena, N'Djamena, Chad
Mohamed Jalloh, Faculty of Medicine, University of Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal
Lamine Niang, Faculty of Medicine, University of Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal
Serigne Ma Gueye, Faculty of Medicine, University of Cheikh Anta Diop, Dakar, Senegal
Received: Mar. 11, 2020;       Accepted: Apr. 2, 2020;       Published: Apr. 30, 2020
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijcu.20200401.18      View  59      Downloads  29
Abstract
The objective of our study was to report on the epidemiological and etiopathogenic aspects of obstetric fistulas and to evaluate the results of their management at the National Fistula Treatment Centre in N'Djamena (Chad). Patients and Methods: This was a retrospective, descriptive study conducted at the National Fistula Treatment Centre in N'Djamena over a 4-year period from January 2012 to December 2016. Results: The mean age of our patients was 26.38 years with extremes of 12 to 74 years. The majority of our patients were young women aged 12 to 22 years. Of the patients 82.5% resided in rural areas. They were housewives in 88.9% and victims of genital mutilation in 76.8%. 73.6% did not have a prenatal consultation. A vaginal delivery was recorded in 74.9%. Perinatal infant mortality was recorded in 83.2%. Spinal anaesthesia was used in 95.7% of cases. The repair by low way in 93.7%. The success rate in a so-called first-hand fistulas was noted in 88.88%. Conclusion: Obstetrical fistulas is a real public health problem in our countries. Women with fistula are victims of all forms of social exclusion. The most effective means of combating it remains prevention and access to emergency obstetric care.
Keywords
Fistula, Obstetrical, Epidemiological, Clinical, Therapeutic, National Fistula Treatment Centre
To cite this article
Ache Haroun, Mahamat Ali Mahamat, Saleh Abdel Salam, Haway Cherif, Mohamed Jalloh, Lamine Niang, Serigne Ma Gueye, The Epidemiological, Clinical and Therapeutical Aspects of the Vesico-vaginal Fistula at the National Fistula Treatment Center in N'Djamena, International Journal of Clinical Urology. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2020, pp. 34-38. doi: 10.11648/j.ijcu.20200401.18
Copyright
Copyright © 2020 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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